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Eagly A.H. & Wood W., 1999. « The Origins of Sex Differences in Human Behavior : Evolved Dispositions Versus Social Roles », American Psychologist, 54 : 408-423.


Eagly, A.H. ; Wood, W. ; Diekman, A.B. 2000. « Social role theory of sex differences and similarities : A current appraisal », dans T. Eckes, H.M. Trautner (sous la direction de), The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender, Mahwah, NJ, Erlbaum, p. 123-174.


Eagly, A.H. 1987. «Reporting sex differences», American psychologist, n°42,p.755-756.


Eames K.T.D. & Keeling M.J., 2004. « Monogamous Networks and The Spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases », Mathematical Biosciences, 189 : 115-130.


East, M. L. & Hofer, H. 2001. «Male spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) queue for status in social group dominated by females.» Behavioral Ecology, 12, 558-568.


Eaves L., Heath A., Martin N., Neale M., Kendler K., Kirk K. & Corey L., 1999. « Comparing the Biological and Cultural Inheritance of Personality and Social Attitudes in the Virginia 30 000 Study of Twins and Their Relatives », Twin Research, 2 : 62-80.


Ebbesen EN, Thomsen JS, Beck-Nielsen H, et al. 1999. «Age- and gender-related differences in vertebral bone mass, density, and strength.» J Bone Miner Res  August;14(8):1394-403.


Eber, Milton, 1982. "Primary transsexualism. A critique of a theory", Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic 46, n°2, pp.168-82


Eberhard,  Wg. 1987. «Runaway Sexual Selection - Why Do Taxonomists Spend So Much Time Studying Genitalia.» Natural History 96:4-&.


Eberhard,  Wg. 1993. «Copulatory Courtship And Genital Mechanics Of 3 Species Of Macrodactylus (Coleoptera Scarabaeidae Melolonthinae).» Ethology Ecology & Evolution 5:19-63.


Eberhard,  Wg. 1995 . «Sexual Selection - Andersson,M.» Animal Behaviour 50:564-565.


Eberhard, W. G. 2001. Multiple origins of a major novelty: moveable abdominal lobes in male sepsid flies (Diptera: Sepsidae), and the question of developmental constraints. Evolution & Development 3: 206-222.


Eberhart, C.G., Maines, J.Z. and Wasserman, S.A. 1996. «Meiotic cell cycle requirement for a fly homologue of human.» Deleted in Azoospermia, Nature 381,783-785


Ecuyer-Dab,  I, et  M Robert. 2004. «Have sex differences in spatial ability evolved from male competition for mating and female concern for survival?.» Cognition 91:221-257.


Eddy EM, Clark JM, Gong D, Fenderson BA. 1981. «Origin and migration of primordial germ cells in mammals.» Gamete Research 4:333-62.


Edelbrock C, Sugarawa AI. 1978. «Acquisition of sex-typed preferences in preschool-aged children.» Dev Psychol 14:614-23.


Edelmann, Robert J. 1986. «Adaptive Training for Existing Male Transsexual Gender Role: A Case History.» The Journal of Sex Research 22:514-519.


Eden, Trudy. 1994. «The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England 1800-1929, and: Sexual Science: The Victorian Construction of Womanhood, and: Nature's Body: Gender and the Making of Modern Science.» Configurations 2:581-583.


Edgerton, M. T., 1993. «Discussion: Clitoroplasty for clitoromegaly due to adrenogenital syndrome without loss of sensitivity (by nobuyuki sagehashi).» Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 91 (5), 956.


Edgerton, R. B., 1964. «Pokot intersexuality: An east african example of the resolution of sexual incongruity.» American Anthropologist, 66 (6), 1288-1299.


Edmunds, Simon E.J., Andrew P. Stubbs, Antonio A. Santos, et Mark L. Wilkinson. 1990. «Estrogen and androgen regulation of sex hormone binding globulin secretion by a human liver cell line.» The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 37:733-739.


Edson, Newell W. 1921. «Some Facts regarding Sex Instruction in the High Schools of the United States.» The School Review 29:593-602.


Edson, Newell W. 1935. «Sex Education as a Community Problem.» Journal of Educational Sociology 8:361-370.


Edwards, A. W. F. 2003. "Human Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Fallacy." BioEssays 25 798-801.


Eens M, Pinxten R .2000. «Sex-role reversal in vertebrates: behavioural and endocrinological accounts.» Behav Proc 51:135-147


Eglash, Ron. 2002. «Race, Sex, and Nerds: From Black Geeks to Asian American Hipsters.» Social Text 20:49-64.


Egozi, Yaakov, Yoel Kloog, et Mordechai Sokolovsky. 1986. «Acetylcholine rhythm in the preoptic area of the rat hypothalamus is synchronized with the estrous cycle.» Brain Research 383:310-313.


Ehrenreich, N., and Barr, M., 2005. «Intersex surgery, female genital cutting, and the selective condemnation of «cultural practices».» Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 40, 71-140.


Ehrenreich, Nancy. 1993. «The Colonization of the Womb.» Duke Law Journal 43:492-587.


Ehrhardt, A A, et J Money. 1973. «Prenatal hormones and human behavior.» IMJ. Illinois Medical Journal 141:386-9.


Ehrhardt, A A, K Evers, et J Money. 1968. «Influence of androgen and some aspects of sexually dimorphic behavior in women with the late-treated adrenogenital syndrome.» The Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 123:115-22.


Ehrhardt, A A, N Greenberg, et J Money. 1970. «Female gender identity and absence of fetal gonadal hormones: Turner's syndrome.» The Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 126:237-48.


Ehrhardt, A A, R Epstein, et J Money. 1968. «Fetal androgens and female gender identity in the early-treated adrenogenital syndrome.» The Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 122:160-7.


Ehrhardt, A A. 1988. «Laudatio for John Money on the occasion of the 1988 Masters and Johnson award of the Society for Sex Therapy and Research.» Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy 14:173-6.


Ehrhardt, A. A., & Baker, S. W. 1974. «Fetal androgens, human central nervous system differentiation, and behavior sex differences.» In R. C. Friedman, R. M. Richart, & R. L. van de Wiele (Eds.), Sex differences in behavior (pp. 33-52). New York: Wiley.


Ehrhardt, A., and H. Meyer Bahlburg. 1981. «Effects of Prenatal Sex Hormones on Gender Related Behavior.» Science 211:1312-18


Ehrhardt, A.A., Evers, K., and Money, J. 1968. «Influence of androgen and some aspects of sexually dimorphic behavior in women with late-treated adrenogenital syndrome.» Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 123:115.


Ehrhardt, A.A., Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F., Rosen, L.R., Feldman, J.F., Veridiano, N.P., Zimmerman, I., McEwen, B.S., 1985. «Sexual orientation after prenatal exposure to exogenous estrogen.» Arch. Sex. Behav. 14 (1), 57-77.


Ehrhardt, Anke A. 1984. «Gender Differences: A Biosocial Perspective.» Nebraska Symposium on Motivation 33:37-57.


Ehrman,  L,  B Spassky,  O Pavlovsky, Et  T Dobzhansky. 1965. «Sexual Selection, Geotaxis, And Chromosomal-Polymorphism In Experimental Populations Of Drosophila-Pseudoobscura.» Evolution 19:337-346.


Eicher, E.M., Washburn, L.L., Whitney III, J.B., Morrow, K.E., 1982. «Mus poschiavinus Y chromosome in the C57BL/6J murine genome causes sex reversal.» Science 217, 535-537.


Eicher, Eva M., and Linda L. Washburn. 1986. «Genetic Control of Primary Sex Determination in Mice.» Annual Review of Genetics 20:327-60.


Eichstedt, J. A., Serbin, L. A., Poulin-Dubois, D., & Sen, M. G. 2002. «Of bears and men: Infants' knowledge of conventional and metaphorical gender stereotypes.» Infant Behavior and Development, 25, 296-310.


Eigler, Friederike. 2000. «Rereading Christa Wolf's "Selbstversuch": Cyborgs and Feminist Critiques of Scientific Discourse.» The German Quarterly 73:401-415.


Eiguer Alberto. 2001. «Chapitre 8: Scénarios de l'horreur: Travestisme, transsexualisme, pédophilie» in  Des perversions sexuelles aux perversions morales: la jouissance et la domination, Paris, Ed. Odile Jacob


Eiseley, Loren C., et A. Grote. 1959. «Charles Darwin, Edward Blyth, and the Theory of Natural Selection.» Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103:94-158.


Eisenberg, N., Murray, E., & Hite, T. 1982. Children's reasoning regarding sex-typed toy choices. Child Development, 53, 81-86.


Eisenberg, Nancy, and Randy Lennon. 1983. "See Differences in Empathy and Related Capacities." Psychological Bulletin 94:100-31.


Eisner, Thomas, et Jerrold Meinwald. 2003. «Alkaloid-derived pheromones and sexual selection in Lepidoptera.» Pp. 341-368 dans Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. San Diego: Academic Press (Accédé Mars 3, 2009).


Eklund A.C., Belchak M.M., Lapidos K, Raha-Chowdhury R. & Ober C., 2000. « Polymorphisms in the HLA-Linked Olfactory Receptor Genes in the Hutterites », Human Immunology, 61 : 711-717.


Ekstrom, J. M. M., Randrianaina, L. & Birkhead, T. R. 2007. «Unusual sex roles in a highly promiscuous parrot: the greater vasa parrot Caracopsis vasa.» Ibis, 149, 313-320.


Elbers JM, Giltay EJ, Teerlink T, Scheffer PG, Asscheman H, Seidell JC, et al. 2003. «Effects of sex steroids on components of the insulin resistance syndrome in transsexual subjects.» Clinical Endocrinology 58(5):562-71.


Elder, J. S., 1988. «The undescended testis: Hormonal and surgical management.» Surgical Clinics of North America, 68 (5), 983-1005.


Eldredge, Niles. 1984. «Large-Scale Biological Entities and the Evolutionary Process.» PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:551-566.


Elesh, David, et Paul T. Schollaert. 1972. «Race and Urban Medicine: Factors Affecting the Distribution of Physicians in Chicago.» Journal of Health and Social Behavior 13:236-250.


Elf, P. K., J. W. Lang, et A. J. Fivizzani. 2002. «Dynamics of yolk steroid hormones during development in a reptile with temperature-dependent sex determination.» General and Comparative Endocrinology 127:34-39.


Elf, P. K., J. W. Lang, et A. J. Fivizzani. 2002b. «Yolk hormone levels in the eggs of snapping turtles and painted turtles.» General and Comparative Endocrinology 127:26-33.


Elgin, Mehmet. 2003. «Biology and a Priori Laws.» Philosophy of Science 70:1380-1389.


Eliot, Thomas D. 1919. «The Creation of Souls.» International Journal of Ethics 29:202-209.


Elkik F, Gompel A, Mercier-Bodard C, et al. 1982. «Effect of percutaneous estradiol and conjugated estrogens on the level of plasma proteins and triglycerides in postmenopausal women.» Am J Obstet Gynecol 143:888-92.


Ellen K. Feder, et Katrina Karkazis. 2008. «What's in a Name?: The Controversy over "Disorders of Sex Development".» Hastings Center Report 38:33-36.


Elliot, P. ; Roen, K. 1998. « Transgenderism and the question of embodiment », GLQ - A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 4,231-261.


Elliott, D.J. et al. .1997. «Expression of RBM in the nuclei of human germ cells is dependent on a critical region of the Y chromosome long arm». Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 94, 3848-3853


Elliott, Jane, et Chris Powell. 1987. «Young Women and Science: Do We Need More Science?.» British Journal of Sociology of Education 8:277-286.


Ellis, A.G., et S.D. Johnson. 2008. «Does sexual selection contribute to geographic variation in floral traits?.» South African Journal of Botany 74:366.


Ellis, Albert, et David Mace. 1969. «The Use of Sex in Human Life: A Dialogue between Albert Ellis and David Mace.» The Journal of Sex Research 5:41-49.


Ellis, Albert, et Ruth R. Doorbar. 1952. «Classified Bibliography of Articles, Books, and Pamphlets on Sex, Love, Marriage, and Family Relations Published during 1951.» Marriage and Family Living 14:153-177.


Ellis, Albert. 1945. «The sexual psychology of human hermaphrodites.» Psychosom Med 7:108-25.


Ellis, Albert. 1971. «Rational-emotive treatment of impotence, frigidity and other sexual problems.» Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2:346-349.


Ellis, Bruce J., et Donald Symons. 1990. «Sex Differences in Sexual Fantasy: An Evolutionary Psychological Approach.» The Journal of Sex Research 27:527-555.


Ellis, Bruce J., et Timothy Ketelaar. 2000. «On the Natural Selection of Alternative Models: Evaluation of Explanations in Evolutionary Psychology.» Psychological Inquiry 11:56-68.


Ellis, Bruce J., et Timothy Ketelaar. 2002. «Clarifying the Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology: A Reply to Lloyd and Feldman.» Psychological Inquiry 13:157-164.


Ellis, L., & Ficek, C. 2001. «Color preferences according to gender and sexual orientation.» Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 1375-1379.


Ellis, Lee, and Phyllis D. Coontz. 1990. "Androgens, Brain Functioning, and Criminality: The Neurohormonal Foundations of Antisociality." Pp. 162-93 in Crime in Biological, Social and Moral Contexts, edited by Lee Ellis and Harvey Hoffman. New York:Praeger.


Ellis, Lee. 1986. "Evidence of Neuroandrogenic Etiology of Sex Roles from a Combined Analysis of Human, Nonhuman Primate and Non Primate Mammalian StudiesPersonality and Individual Differences 7:519- 52.


Ellis, Lee. 1991. "A Synthesized (Biosociai) Theory of Rape." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59:631-42.


ELLISL.: «Neodarwinian theories of violent criminality and antisocial behavior: Photographic evidence from nonhuman animals and a review of the literature», Aggression and Violent Behaviour,1998;3:61-110.


Ellison, Peter T. 1990. «Human Ovarian Function and Reproductive Ecology: New Hypotheses.» American Anthropologist 92:933-952.


Ellison, Peter T. 1996. «Developmental Influences on Adult Ovarian Hormonal Function.» American Journal of Human Biology 8(6):725-34.


Ellwood, C.A. 1916. «The Inequality of Human Races.» Psychological Bulletin 13:481.


Elsas, L. J., Hayes, R. P., and Muralidharan, K., 1997. «Gender verification at the centennial olympic games.» J Med Assoc Ga, 86 (1), 50-54. Available from:


Elster, Jon. 1977. «Critique des analogies socio-biologiques Plaidoyer pour l'autonomie des sciences.» Revue française de sociologie 18:369-395.


Ember, Carol R., et Melvin Ember. 1984. «The Evolution of Human Female Sexuality: A Cross-Species Perspective.» Journal of Anthropological Research 40:202-210.


Emlen,  St, Et  Lw Oring. 1988. «Citation Classic - Ecology, Sexual Selection, And The Evolution Of Mating Systems.» Current Contents/Agriculture Biology & Environmental Sciences 12-12.


Emlen, D. J., Marangelo, J., Ball, B. & Cunningham, C. W. 2005. «Diversity in the weapons of sexual selection: horn evolution in the beetle genus Onthophagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).» Evolution, 59, 1060-1084.


Emlen, S. T. & Wrege, P. H. 2004. «Division of labour in parental care behaviour of a sex- role-reversed shorebird, the wattled jacana.» Animal Behaviour, 68, 847-855.


Endelman, Todd M. 2004. «Anglo-Jewish Scientists and the Science of Race.» Jewish Social Studies 11:52-92.


Endler, J.A. and Houde, A.E. 1995. «Geographic variation in female preferences for male traits in Poecilia reticulata.» Evolution 49, 456-468


Endler, J.A. and McLellan, T. 1988. «The process of evolution: towards a newer synthesis.» Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.19, 385-421


Endo, Daisuke, Yoh-Ichiro Kanaho, et Min Kyun Park. 2008. «Expression of sex steroid hormone-related genes in the embryo of the leopard gecko.» General and Comparative Endocrinology 155:70-78.


Engelhardt, Antje, J. Keith Hodges, Carsten Niemitz, et Michael Heistermann. 2005. «Female sexual behavior, but not sex skin swelling, reliably indicates the timing of the fertile phase in wild long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).» Hormones and Behavior 47:195-204.


Engen,  S, Et  Be Saether. 1985. «The Evolutionary Significance Of Sexual Selection.» Journal Of Theoretical Biology 117:277-289.


Engh, A. L., Esch, K., Smale, L. & Holekamp, K. E. 2000. «Mechanisms of maternal rank inheritance in the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta.» Animal Behaviour, 60, 323-332.


Enginsu M.E., Pieters M.H., Dumoulin J.C., Evers J.L., Geraedts J.P., 1992, « Male factor as determinant of in-vitro fertilization outcome », Human Reproduction, 7(8), p. 1136-1140.


England, Paula, and Barbara Stanek Kiibourne. 1990. "A Feminist Critique of Rational Choice Theory." Rational-try and Society 2:156-72.


England, Paula. 1982. «The Failure of Human Capital Theory to Explain Occupational Sex Segregation.» The Journal of Human Resources 17:358-370.


Enstam,  KL,  LA Isbell, et  TW De Maar. 2002. «Male demography, female mating behavior, and infanticide in wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas).» International Journal Of Primatology 23:85-104.


Epelboin S., Blondeau M.-A., 1989, « Grossesses multiples après procréation médicalement assistée : devenir obstétrical », Contraception, Fertilité, Sexualité, 17(7-8), p. 756-758.


Eppley, S M, et L K Jesson. 2008. «Moving to mate: the evolution of separate and combined sexes in multicellular organisms.» Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21:727-36.


Eppley, S. M. 2001. «Gender-Specific Selection during Early Life History Stages in the Dioecious Grass Distichlis spicata.» Ecology 82:2022-2031.


Epstein, David, et Sharyn O'Halloran. 1999. «A Social Science Approach to Race, Redistricting, and Representation.» The American Political Science Review 93:187-191.


Epstein, J. 1990. «Either/or-neither/both: Sexual ambiguity and the ideology of gender.» Genders, 7, 99-142.


Epstein, Julia. 1987. «Review: Bodies of Knowledge.» The Women's Review of Books 5:12.


Epstein, Steven. "Inclusion, Diversity, and Biomedical Knowledge Making: The Multiple Politics of Representation." How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technologies. Ed. Nelly Oudshoorn and Trevor Pinch. Cambridge: MIT p, 2003. 173-90.


Erckmann, W. J. 1983. «The evolution of polyandry in shorebirds: an evaluation of hypotheses.» In: Social Behaviour of Female Vertebrates (Ed. by S. K. Wasser), pp. 114-168. New York: Academic Press.


Ereshefsky, Marc, et Mohan Matthen. 2005. «Taxonomy, Polymorphism, and History: An Introduction to Population Structure Theory.» Philosophy of Science 72:1-21.


Erhardt, A. A., and Money, J., 1967. «Progestin-induced hermaphroditism: Iq and psychosexual identity in a study of ten girls.» Journal of Sex Research, 3 (1 (February 1967)), 83-100.


Eric J. Engstrom. 2008. «The Most Secret Quintessence of Life: Sex, Glands, and Hormones, 1850-1950 (review).» Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82:730-731.


Erickson, R.P. 1997. «Does sex determination start at conception?» BioEssays 19, 1027-1032


Ericson A., Kallen B., 2001, « Congenital malformations in infants born after IVF: a population-based study », Human Reproduction, 16(3), p. 504-509.


Erlich M. 1991. « Circoncision, excision et racisme. » Nouvelle Revue d'Ethnopsychiatrie; 18: 125-40.


Erlich M. 2000. « Histoire de la stérilisation. Aspects techniques, idéologiques et culturels. » In: Giami A, Leridon H, eds. Les enjeux de la stérilisation. Paris: Inserm-INED,: 15-37.


Erlich, M. 2007. «La chirurgie sexuelle en France : aspects historiques.» Sexologies 16:180-188.


Ernest, J. «Mathematics and sex.» Am. math. Mon. 83, 595-614.


Escalier, D. 2008. «Les souris génétiquement modifiées au service de la reproduction.» Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 36:1224-1229.


Eshel,  I. 1979. «Sexual Selection, Population-Density, And Availability Of Mates.» Theoretical Population Biology 16:301-314.


Eshel, Ilan. 1973. «Clone-Selection and Optimal Rates of Mutation.» Journal of Applied Probability 10:728-738.


Eskridge, William N. 1993. «A History of Same-Sex Marriage.» Virginia Law Review 79:1419-1513.


Essig, E. O. 1936. «A Sketch History of Entomology.» Osiris 2:80-123.


Estep D.Q. & Bruce K.E.M. 1981. « The Concept of Rape in Non-Humans : a Critique », Animal Behaviour, 29 : 1272-1273.


Eswaran, Mukesh, et Ashok Kotwal. 2004. «A Theory of Gender Differences in Parental Altruism.» The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d'Economique 37:918-950.


Etaugh, C., Grinnell, K., Etetaugh, A., 1989, «Development of gender labelling: Effect of age of pictured children» Sex Roles, n°21,p.769-773.


Eugster, E., 2004. «Reality vs recommendations in the care of infants with intersex conditions (invited critique).» Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 158 (5), 428-429.


Evanno, Guillaume, et Luc Madec. 2007. «Variation morphologique de la spermathèque chez l'escargot terrestre Cantareus aspersus.» Comptes Rendus Biologies 330:722-727.


Evans, Herbert M. 1939. «Endocrine glands: Gonads, pituitary and adrenals.» In J. M. Luck & V. E. Hall (Eds.), Annual review of physiology. California: Stanford University.


Evans, Kate E., et Stephen Harris. 2008. «Adolescence in male African elephants, Loxodonta africana, and the importance of sociality.» Animal Behaviour 76:779-787.


Evans, R.I. ; Turner, S.H. ; Ghee, K.L. ; Getz, J.G. 1990. « Is androgynous sex role related to cigarette smoking in adolescents ? » Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, p. 494-505.


Everett Cherrington Hughes. 1947. «Principle and Rationalization in Race Relations.» The American Catholic Sociological Review 8:3-11.


Ewert, M.A. and Nelson, C.E. 1991. «Sex determination in turtles: diverse patterns and some possible adaptive values» Copeia , 50-69


Eysenck, H. J. 1980. «Man as a Biosocial Animal: Comments on the Sociobiology Debate.» Political Psychology 2:43-51.


Ezaki, Yasuo. 1990. «Female Choice and the Causes and Adaptiveness of Polygyny in Great Reed Warblers.» The Journal of Animal Ecology 59:103-119.

Ezenwa, Vanessa O., et Anna E. Jolles. 2008. «Horns honestly advertise parasite infection in male and female African buffalo.» Animal Behaviour 75:2013-2021.